Plan Limits

Each year the U.S. government adjusts the limits for qualified plans and Social Security to reflect cost-of-living adjustments and changes in the law. Many of these limits are based on the “plan year” as defined in your plan’s document. The elective deferral and catch-up limits are always based on the calendar year.

2020 2019 2018
Compensation $ 285,000 $ 280,000 $ 275,000
Limits on Benefits and Contributions:
Defined contribution plans $ 57,000 $ 56,000 $ 55,000
Defined benefit plans $ 230,000 $ 225,000 $ 220,000
401(k), 403(b) and 457 plan elective deferrals $ 19,500 $ 19,000 $ 18,500
SIMPLE plan elective deferrals $ 13,500 $ 13,000 $ 12,500
IRA $ 6,000 $ 6,000 $ 5,500
Catch-up contributions:
401(k), 403(b) and 457 plans $ 6,500 $ 6,000 $ 6,000
SIMPLE plans $ 3,000 $ 3,000 $ 3,000
IRA $ 1,000 $ 1,000 $ 1,000
“Highly Compensated” Definition $ 130,000 $ 125,000 $ 120,000
“Key Employee” Definition
Officer $ 185,000 $ 180,000 $ 175,000
1% Owner $ 150,000 $ 150,000 $ 150,000
Social Security taxable wage base $ 137,700 $ 132,900 $ 128,400